Childhood diseases

Childhood diseases

Vomiting and regurgitation in newborns Vomiting and regurgitation in newborns are common. Regurgitation is called a vomiting in which a small amount of milk from the stomach rises and spills out .This phenomenon is explained by the peculiarities of the child’s esophagus and stomach structure in this vozraste.Bolshinstvo infants in the first months of life often srygivayut.Nekotorye children may spit up several times during the feeding , the other as only occasionally. If the child is healthy and cheerful , then by itself vomiting does not in itself mean disease. a sign of a serious illness, vomiting becomes rare. However, if a child has it often, it should be shown to the doctor, especially if there are other signs of gastric upset . Very often, with the spasm of the pylorus the stomach can be so -called strained vomiting. It occurs when the gatekeeper separating the stomach from the intestinedoes not fully open and poorly passes food (vomiting with a fountain). Such vomiting can begin in newborns at the age of several weeks. Such vomiting is most frequent occurs in boys. If the child had not previously had vomiting, then first thing he needs to measure the temperature. If it is normal and it looks healthy then it does not bother. If it is often repeated, for example 2 times per day, then the child must be shown to the doctor. In most children, regurgitation occurs only in the first weeks after birth and disappears by the time the baby starts to sit down, or when it begins to walk. In some cases, regurgitation can begin at the age of several months. Sometimes it can intensify during the growth of the teeth. When vomiting, you can give soothing and antiemetics : tincture of valerian and peppermint, one drop for one year of life. Constipation in the child Constipation in a child can occur quite often, both at an early age and at an older age. In newborns, stool retention can signal a congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract. At this age, a surgeon’s consultation is mandatory. In infants, constipation often appears with starvation or excessive protein content in food (overfeeding with cottage cheese), fat (with fat breast milk), and also with monotonous nutrition with artificial mixtures. When the constipation is associated with gases, the child becomes capricious Often screaming, crying, huddles and even Sucitu nozhkami.V this case, the mother can be recommended to grease nipple before feeding castor oil. For infants with mixed feeding in accordance with age, it is recommended to add vegetable or fruit puree, as well as juices, to the ration. Very useful to the masses of the stomach Enemas and laxatives are good as a first remedy, and then they should not be used. Very good remedy for constipation, wheat bran.which should be given to the child in an amount of 2-4 teaspoons a day. Treatment of bloating in a child can help decoction of cumin, for which they take one tablespoon of cumin, brew with a glass of boiling water and cook for 10 minutes, then sweeten with sugar. Give one teaspoon 5-6 times a day. Rash in newborns In parents of newborns, the slightest rash on the child’s body can cause panic, so it is so important to know what types of rashes there are and how to deal with them. Rash on the face: A newborn child often has a rash on the face, which can be so vague that it has no name. Usually, it is shallow, pale, covering mainly the cheeks, places around the nose and it appears somewhere one month after birth. This species the rash is not dangerous, it dries quickly and then yellow scabs are formed which are strongly itchy and from this the child can scratch his face. Ragged places should be sprinkled with talc or potato flour, and scabs can be applied with compresses from starchy r alignment. The cause of such a rash may be in the wrong feeding: malnutrition or overfeeding, the use of a lactating mother of alcohol and excessive amounts of sweets. There are accumulations of small red or smooth pimples on the cheeks. They turn pale and then redden again. As a rule, in this case, no ointments help, but with age they themselves disappear. Prickly heat: Occurs in infants as a result of severe overheating. Numerous small vesicles appear on the skin of the trunk and the inner surface of the limbs with unclear contents. In places of large folds, reddening spots sometimes appear on the skin, sometimes wetting, at the edges of which bubbles form. In this case, baths with potassium permanganate and talcum powder. It is recommended to wipe the places of sweets with a cotton swab dipped in a solution of drinking soda, one teaspoon of soda into a glass of water .. This procedure should be repeated several once a day. Milk Cake: A slight irritation of the baby’s scalp, which usually appears in the first months of birth. Looks like peeling dirty spots. These places need to be wiped with a cotton ball soaked in vaseline or sunflower oil, this will soften the crusts, afterwhich they can easily be combed with a frequent comb. helped, it is better to consult a doctor.